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Public Speaking: The Different Types of Speech Techniques



Public speaking is an essential skill in today's world. Whether you're giving a speech at a conference, addressing a team meeting, or making a presentation in the classroom, it's crucial to be able to communicate your message effectively. One of the keys to successful public speaking is choosing the right speech technique to deliver your message. In this blog post, we'll discuss the different types of speech techniques and why extemporaneous speaking is often considered to be the best.

Manuscript Speech

The first type of speech technique is manuscript speech. In this technique, the speaker reads their speech word-for-word from a written text. This technique is often used in legal proceedings or in formal settings where accuracy is of utmost importance. However, it can be difficult to engage the audience when using this technique, as the speaker may appear robotic and detached.

Memorized Speech

The second type of speech technique is memorized speech. In this technique, the speaker has memorized their speech and delivers it without referring to notes. This technique can help to improve delivery and build confidence, but it can also lead to a rigid and unengaging presentation if the speaker appears to be reciting a script.

Extemporaneous Speech

The third type of speech technique is extemporaneous speech. In this technique, the speaker has a well-prepared speech, but delivers it in a conversational and spontaneous manner. This technique allows for flexibility, improvisation, and engagement with the audience. It's considered to be the best technique for public speaking as it combines the benefits of both manuscript and memorized speech, while also allowing for a more natural and dynamic delivery.

Why Extemporaneous Speech is the Best

So, why is extemporaneous speech the best technique? Extemporaneous speaking allows you to deliver your message with confidence and clarity, while also allowing room for improvisation and engagement with the audience. This technique helps to create a more dynamic and engaging presentation, where the audience is able to connect with the speaker and the message.

Impromptu Speech

In addition to the three main types of speech techniques, there is also impromptu speech. Impromptu speech is a type of speech that is delivered without preparation or very little preparation. This type of speech is often used in improvisational settings, such as debates or public speaking contests, where the speaker is given a prompt and has a limited amount of time to prepare and deliver their speech. Impromptu speaking can be challenging, but it can also be a great opportunity to develop your public speaking skills and improve your ability to think on your feet.


Choosing the right speech technique for your public speaking engagement is crucial. Whether you choose to deliver a manuscript speech, a memorized speech, an extemporaneous speech, or an impromptu speech, it's important to practice and develop your skills to ensure that you can deliver your message effectively. Public speaking is a powerful tool for communication, and with the right technique, you can inspire and engage your audience.


At Vita Artes, we work with individuals to help hone their speech and public speaking skills. If you are interested at improving your communication, send us an e-mail at info@vitaartes.com so we can talk about your goals and needs in increasing your abilities.


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